The event, wildlife veterinarian, Dr. Deborah McCauley, worked for Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks. She received a call about a bighorn sheep die-off near Yellowstone. As her team drove to the remote pastures where the sheep herd grazed, they saw an emaciated ram with labored breath and stumbling in the dirt ahead. They got out of the truck to witness this wild sheep tumble over and gasp his last breath. They looked up to the pasture and saw that the landscape was dotted with dead and dying wild sheep. It was later discovered that 90% of this bighorn sheep herd died of pneumonia, a disease that was transmitted from a healthy domestic sheep that were carriers. This scene is not just happening in Montana, but also to other fragile endangered wildlife populations around the globe.

The field of wildlife conservation has been around for decades with great strides being made by a variety of national and international agencies and non-governmental organizations in the areas of habitat loss and poaching. The awareness of the serious nature of infectious diseases transmitted across species is increasing as threats make their way into book plots, movies, and international news almost daily. Numerous conservation efforts with endangered species have demonstrated the potential impact of disease to limit the recovery of wildlife.


Even as significant efforts are being made to protect endangered animals, infectious and transmissible diseases (when not identified, treated, and prevented) can do untold harm to a fragile population whether in the wild, captivity, conservation corridors, or protected areas.

Dr. Deborah McCauley founded Veterinary Initiative for Endangered Wildlife (VIEW) in 2012 to solve this specific purpose - to solve the missing piece to conservation - WILDLIFE HEALTH. It is the only conservation nonprofit organization focused solely on the urgent need to address health threats as part of a comprehensive strategy for protecting endangered wildlife populations around the world.


We at VIEW believe that HEALTH is the missing piece of the global conservation strategy. Tremendous efforts have been made to protect critical habitat and reduce wildlife trade and poaching. If we don’t also make sure that the species we are protecting are healthy, then these efforts will not succeed.

Simple awareness of this issue is not enough, we need to understand the origins and implications of disease. Infectious and transmissible disease must be identified, treated, and prevented. Failure to do so may cause untold, yet preventable, harm to wildlife populations, domestic animals, and humans.


Our approach is simple and straightforward: We support locally sustainable wildlife disease investigation, prevention, and treatment by providing training, building infrastructure, conducting research, and promoting policies that ensure healthy environments for wildlife and the people and domestic animals that share their habitat.

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VIEW conducts work-shops and training for local wildlife veterinarians and managers to equip them with the skills needed to ensure healthy wildlife.



VIEW helps to create and maintain local field facilities so that disease investigation and wildlife care are possible and sustainable.



VIEW targets its investigation to better understand and respond to wildlife health risks for endangered wildlife population recovery.




We accomplish our work in a straightforward and strategic collaborative manner, using existing local networks and opportunities to investigate wildlife health threats in a particular setting. We know we must be strategic and work closely with countries and partners to ensure efforts are effective and efficient. We recognize that ecosystems, history and culture, and conservation needs vary considerably around the world, and we strive to develop conservation approaches that best meet the needs of local communities.


We use the most appropriate and best available tools to design, monitor, and evaluate the outcomes of our programs. Our methods and approaches are scientifically justifiable, time-sensitive, and represent universal best practices.


We strive to transfer knowledge, skills, and critical infrastructure to create self-sustaining wildlife health programs in the areas and countries where we work. We support local wildlife professionals, veterinarians, and non-governmental agencies in creating and sustaining comprehensive wildlife health programs.

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