Asia and the Pacific are home to nearly half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Continued rapid economic development, agricultural expansion, mining, deforestation, urbanization, and illegal wildlife trade are only a few of the factors degrading this rich biological landscape. Another less-understood threat to local wildlife is disease. Due to increased human and domestic animal populations, critically endangered species including tigers, Asian one-horned rhinos, snow leopards, Asian elephants, and giant pandas are at risk of contracting diseases that can threaten the survival of their species.